故去完成时和将来完成时态燕京家教 - 【燕京家教网】
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故去完成时和将来完成时态...

更新时间:2014-01-11 20:24:50 采编:北京家教网

内容提要:
 
过去完成时 1) 概念:表示过去的过去----|-------|-----|---->其构成是...
关键词: 英语时态...

过去完成时
  1) 概念:表示过去的过去----|-------|-----|---->其构成是had +过去分词构成。那时以前  那时 现在     
2) 用法 

a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。   She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 

b. 状语从句   在过去不同时间发生的两个动作中,发生在先,用过去完成时;发生在后,用一般过去时。   When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 

c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"   We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't.
3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。 
 He said that he had learned some English before. 
By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself. 
Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.
   

将来完成时
   1) 构成will / be going to do sth. 
2) 概念   
a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。  
b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或一获得的经验。   
They will have been married for 20 years by then.   
You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow.

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